Sahrawi Republic

ECONOMY OVERVIEW

Western Sahara is a disputed territory on the northwest coast and in the Maghreb region of North and West Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially occupied by neighboring Morocco. The territory continues to have an unresolved legal status and the Moroccan Government administers Western Sahara’s economy, acting as a key source of employment, infrastructure development, and social spending in the territory. The disputed territory borders Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco. Spain is reachable by boat. Western Sahara has been on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories since 1963 after a Moroccan demand. In 1965, the UN General Assembly adopted its first resolution on Western Sahara, asking Spain to decolonize the territory and in 1975, Spain relinquished the administrative control of the territory to a joint administration by Morocco (which had formally claimed the territory since 1957) alongside Mauritania. A war erupted between those countries and a Sahrawi nationalist movement, the Polisario Front, which proclaimed the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) with a government in exile in Tindouf, Algeria. The United Nations considers the Polisario Front to be the legitimate representative of the Sahrawi people, and maintains that the Sahrawis have a right to self-determination. Not much economic data exist on the territory of approximately 587,655 people. Most of the data that exists is included in Moroccan economic data. Western Sahara has a small market-based economy whose main industries are fishing, phosphate mining, tourism, and pastoral nomadism. The territory’s arid desert climate makes sedentary agriculture difficult, and much of its food is imported.

GDP Composition by sector

Agriculture  
Industry  
Services  
GDP Growth Rate  
GDP per Capita 
$2,5

GDP COMPOSITION BY SECTOR

Credit Rating:
N/A
Ease of Doing Business Ranking
N/A
Procedures in starting a business
N/A
Number of days to register a business
N/A
Repatriation of Funds
N/A
Corporate Tax Rate
N/A
Human Capital Ranking
N/A
Corruption index
N/A
Energy Security index
N/A

(Source: World Bank Doing Business, 2019)

TRADE

Natural Resources

Phosphates
iron ore

Industries

Phosphate mining
handicrafts

Export Commodities

phosphates  
Trade Balance 
N/A

ABOUT

Country

Western Sahara

Capital

Bir lehlou

Location

Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean

Area

266,000 sq km


Border Countries

Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco

Natural Resources

Phosphates, iron ore

Climate

Hot, dry desert; rain is rare, cold off-shore air currents produce fog

Population

587,655 (2019 est.)


Languages

Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic

Ethnic Groups

Arab, Berber

GDP Growth Rate

N/A

GDP per Capita

$2500 (2007 est.)


GDP Composition by Sector

Agriculture: N/A, industry: N/A, services: 40% (2007 est.)

Labour Force by Occupation

Agriculture: 50%, industry: 50%, services 50%

Unemployment Rate

N/A

Unemployment youth ages from 15 to 24 years

N/A


GINI index

N/A

Population Below Poverty Line

N/A

HDI

N/A

Inflation rate

N/A


Export Commodities

Phosphates

Agriculture Products

Fruits and vegetables (grown in the few oases), camels, sheep, goats (kept by nomads), fish

Industries

Phosphate mining, handicrafts

Public Debt

N/A


Investment

N/A

Trade Balance

N/A

EXPORT & IMPORT

Key Exports

N/A

Key Export Markets

N/A 

Key Imports

N/A

Key Import Markets

N/A 

GENERAL RESOURCES

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